romtool

A tool to inspect, dissect, and build Amiga Kickstart ROM images to be used with emulators, run with soft kickers or burned into flash ROMs

Features

  • show detailed infos on a Kickstart ROM
  • dump ROM as hex
  • diff to ROM images
  • split a ROM into modules with split data from Remus/Romsplit
  • build a new ROM from modules
  • concatenate a Kickstart and Ext ROM to a 1 Meg ROM
  • patch a ROM
  • scan a ROM for residents
  • copy a ROM

General Commands

romtool is run from the command line typically as follows:

romtool [-v] [-q] [-k rom.key] <sub_command> <sub_options> ...

romtool always requires a sub command with arbitrary options.

Use romtool -h to see a list of available commands.

Use romtool <sub_cmd> -h to see help on the given command.

The following options are available for all sub commands and must precede the sub command switch:

  • -v be verbose and show processing steps of the tool
  • -q be really quiet and do not print error messages
  • -k rom.key if you want to decrypt encrypted ROMs you have to specify the rom.key file.

Inspect a ROM

info command

Show detailed information of a Kickstart ROM:

$ romtool info amiga-os-310-a500.rom
size                  ok
header                ok
footer                ok
size_field            ok
chk_sum               ok
kickety_split         ok
magic_reset           ok
is_kick               ok
check_sum             9fdeeef6
base_addr             00f80000
boot_pc               00f800d2
rom_rev               40.63
exec_rev              40.10

The command checks various fields of a Kickstart ROM:

  • size checks if the ROM size is correct: 256 or 512 KiB
  • header checks if the ROM header was found
  • footer checks if a ROM footer was found
  • size_field checks if the size field in the footer was found
  • chk_sum checks if the KickSum is correct
  • kickety_split checks if an extra 256 KiB signature was found
  • magic_reset checks if magic reset opcode was found
  • is_kick checks if all kickstart tests were passed
  • check_sum shows KickSum
  • base_addr start address of ROM
  • boot_pc program counter to start ROM
  • rom_rev ROM revision
  • exec_rev Exec revision

dump command

Print the ROM contents as a hex dump:

$ romtool dump amiga-os-310-a500.rom
00000000: 11 14 4e f9 00 f8 00 d2 00 00 ff ff 00 28 00 3f  ..N..........(.?
00000010: 00 28 00 0a ff ff ff ff 00 41 4d 49 47 41 20 52  .(.......AMIGA R
00000020: 4f 4d 20 4f 70 65 72 61 74 69 6e 67 20 53 79 73  OM Operating Sys
...

Options:

  • -a show address of ROM (otherwise image file offset is shown)
  • -b set ROM address to be shown
  • -c <n> how many bytes are shown per line

diff command

Compare two ROM images and show the differences as a hex dump:

$ romtool diff a.rom b.rom
00000368: -- -- -- -- -- -- -- f8         . | -- -- -- -- -- -- -- f0         .
00000370: -- -- -- -- -- -- -- f0         . | -- -- -- -- -- -- -- e0         .
00000378: -- -- -- f8 -- -- -- --     .     | -- -- -- e8 -- -- -- --     .
...

Options:

  • -a show address of ROM (otherwise image file offset is shown)
  • -b set ROM address to be shown
  • -c <n> how many bytes are shown per line
  • -f show diff even if ROM sizes differ
  • -s also show same bytes of two ROMs (otherwise only differences)

scan command

Scan the ROM for resident entries and show them:

romtool scan rom.img
@000000b6  +00003706  NT_LIBRARY    +105  exec.library  exec 40.10 (15.7.93)
@00003706  +000037b8  NT_UNKNOWN     -55  alert.hook  alert.hook
@000037b8  +00004740  NT_DEVICE     -120  audio.device  audio 37.10 (26.4.91)
...

Details:

  • @000000b6 offset of resident in ROM
  • +00003706 skip range given in resident
  • NT_LIBRARY node type of resident
  • +105 priority of resident
  • name name and id_string of resident

You can also show more infos with the -i switch:

romtool scan rom.img -i
@000000b6  name:       exec.library
          id_string:  exec 40.10 (15.7.93)
          node_type:  NT_LIBRARY
          flags:      RTF_SINGLETASK
          version:    40
          priority:   105
          init off:   000004d4
          skip off:   00003706
...

Split a ROM into modules

Splitting a ROM into modules is a pre-processing step that is necessary to build new ROMs: The libraries and devices are extracted as relocatable binaries that can be placed into a new ROM.

Splitting a ROM is a difficult process as the borders of the modules are not clearly marked in the ROM and furthermore the code positions that require relocation are not marked at all. Therefore splitting is done with the help of a split data catalog that describes the modules. A catalog is matched with a ROM by its KickSum.

romtool currently uses the split data that is shipped with Doobrey’s fantastic Amiga tools Remus/Romsplit.

list command

Show a list of all ROMs that can be split, i.e. split data is available:

$ romtool list
@00e00000  +00080000  sum=9ea68bc4  sum_off=0007ffe8  CD32 Extended ROM
@00200000  +00040000  sum=34377fe8  sum_off=ffffffff  CD32 MPEG ROM 40.30
...

Details:

  • @00e00000 base address of ROM
  • +00080000 size of ROM (here 512 KiB)
  • sum= KickSum of ROM
  • sum_off= offset in ROM where KickSum is stored (ffffffff means that no KickSum is stored inside ROM)

You can filter the list of ROMs by specifying a query that supports wildcards (* or ?):

$ romtool list -r Kick*
@00fc0000  +00040000  sum=15267db3  sum_off=0003ffe8  Kickstart 34.5 (A500/A2000/A1000)
@00f80000  +00080000  sum=54876dab  sum_off=0007ffe8  Kickstart 37.175(A3000)
...

A list of the contained module entries is shown with the -m switch:

$ romtool list -r Kick*40.60* -m
@00f80000  +00080000  sum=8f4549a5  sum_off=0007ffe8  Kickstart 40.60 (CD32 Main)
  @000000  +003804  =003804  relocs=#   62  exec_40.9(CD32)
  @003804  +000ad8  =0042dc  relocs=#   12  expansion_40.2(A1200)
  @0042dc  +000ea4  =005180  relocs=#   11  mathieeesingbas.lib_40.4(020)
...

Details:

  • @000000 offset of module in ROM
  • +003804 size of module
  • =003804 end address of module in ROM
  • relocs=# number of relocations found in module

query command

Check if a given ROM image can be split with the available split data:

$ romtool query amiga-os-310-a500.rom
@00f80000  +00080000  sum=9fdeeef6  sum_off=0007ffe8  Kickstart 40.63 (A500/A600/A2000)
  @000000  +0037b8  =0037b8  relocs=#   61  exec_40.10(A500-A600-A2000)
  @0037b8  +0010a0  =004858  relocs=#   28  audio.device_37.10
  @004858  +001634  =005e8c  relocs=#  101  input_40.1
...

You can filter the modules shown with a wildcard given in -m <wildcard>:

$ romtool query amiga-os-310-a500.rom -m int*
@00f80000  +00080000  sum=9fdeeef6  sum_off=0007ffe8  Kickstart 40.63 (A500/A600/A2000)
  @04f0c4  +0199a0  =068a64  relocs=# 2405  intuition.library_40.85

split command

Perform the ROM split and extract the modules as LoadSeg()able binary files. A directory named by the ROM is created and next to the modules an index file called index.txt is created that contains an ordered list of the modules taken from the ROM image:

$ romtool split amiga-os-310-a500.rom -o .

This call will create a directory called 40.63(A500-2000) named after the ROM in the current directory and fill it with the ROM’s modules. Additionally, the index.txt file will be created.

Options:

  • -o <out_dir> output directory where the ROM sub directory will be created If omitted no output will be generated!
  • -m <wildcard> do not export all modules but only those that match the given wildcard
  • --no-version-dir do not create an extra sub directory with the ROM name
  • --no-index omit creating the index.txt file

Build a new ROM

build command

Create a new ROM by combining a set of LoadSeg()able binary files. You can either use modules created by the split command or add your own modules.

You can either give all modules on the command line or you use and index file. An index file is a simple text file with .txt extension that gives in each line a module path:

$ romtool build -o my.rom -t kick -s 512 index.txt my.library my.device

This command creates a new 512 KiB Kickstart ROM called my.rom with all modules given in index.txt.

Options:

  • -o <out_img> write generated ROM to given file. Do not forget to specify this switch otherwise no output will be generated!
  • -t <rom_type> what type of ROM to create: either kick or ext
  • -s <rom_size> size of ROM in KiB (either 256 or 512)
  • -a <kick_addr> base address of Kick ROM in hex (default f80000)
  • -e <ext_addr> base address of Ext ROM in hex (default e00000)
  • -f add a footer to Ext ROM
  • -r <rom_rev> set the ROM revision field, e.g. 40.95
  • -k add the kickety_split, i.e. in a 512 KiB ROM add an extra ROM header after 256 KiB to be compatible with SW assuming 256 KiB ROM. Found in the Commodore original ROMs. Will create a small hole around the split.
  • -b <hex> give the byte value to fill empty regions of the ROM

patches command

Show a list of available ROM patches in romtool:

$ romtool patches
1mb_rom     Patch Kickstart to support ext ROM with 512 KiB

patch command

Apply one or more patches to the given ROM file and write a patched ROM image:

$ romtool patch amiga-os-310-a500.rom 1mb_rom -o out.rom

Apply the 1mb_rom patch to the given rom image and write a new out.rom.

Options:

  • -o <out_img> write generated ROM to given file. Do not forget to specify this switch otherwise no output will be generated!

combine command

Concatenate a 512 KiB Kickstart and a 512 KiB Ext ROM image to create a 1 MiB ROM suitable for soft kickers or maprom tools:

$ romtool combine kick.rom ext.rom -o 1mb.rom

Create a 1mb.rom from the Kickstart kick.rom and the Ext ROM ext.rom.

Options:

  • -o <out_img> write generated ROM to given file. Do not forget to specify this switch otherwise no output will be generated!

copy command

Copy a rom to a new file. In the future, additional transformations may be possible:

$ romtool copy kick.rom duplicate.rom

Copy kick.rom to a new duplicate.rom file.

Options:

  • -c, --fix-checksum after the copy fix the checksum of the written

image. For example, if the source rom has been modified with a hex editor or a find/replace operation, then this option can be used to correct the checksum.